- Siddall, J N, Optimal Engineering Design: Principles and Applications. Marcel Dekker, New York, 1982.
- Deb, K, and Goyal, M, Optimizing Engineering Designs Using a Combined Genetic Search. In Back, T, Ed, Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Genetic Algorithms. 1997, pp. 521-528.
- Coello Coello, C A, Treating Constraints as Objectives for Single-Objective Evolutionary Optimization. Engineering Optimization 32 (2000), 275-308.
- Original source: GAMS Model of bearing.gms from GAMS Model Library
Best known point: p1 with value 1.9517